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What is Cystic Fibrosis: symptoms, diagnosis, treatment.

What is Cystic Fibrosis: symptoms, diagnosis, treatment.

Cystic Fibrosis is a genetic disorder that affects the lungs and digestive system. It is caused by a defective gene that causes the body to produce abnormally thick and sticky mucus, which can lead to a variety of symptoms. Symptoms of Cystic Fibrosis can include difficulty breathing, frequent lung infections, coughing up mucus, poor growth, greasy and bulky stools, and salty-tasting skin.

Diagnosis of Cystic Fibrosis is typically made through a sweat test which measures the amount of salt in the sweat, and a genetic test to determine the presence of the defective gene.

Treatment of Cystic Fibrosis involves medications to clear lung mucus, antibiotics to treat infections, and supplements to replace lost nutrients. In severe cases, lung transplantation may be recommended.