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What Asthma: symptoms, diagnosis, treatment.

What Asthma: symptoms, diagnosis, treatment.

Asthma is a chronic, long-term lung disease that inflames and narrows the airways. It causes a variety of symptoms, including shortness of breath, chest tightness, and coughing. Asthma is one of the most common chronic diseases worldwide, affecting more than 300 million people.

Signs and symptoms

Causes of Asthma

Risk factors for Asthma



Treatment of Asthma

Coping and support

Complications of Asthma

Living with Asthma

Signs and Symptoms of Asthma

The most common signs and symptoms of asthma include:

• Shortness of breath

• Coughing, especially at night

• Wheezing

• Chest tightness

• Difficulty exercising

Causes of Asthma

The exact cause of asthma is not known, but it is believed to be caused by a combination of environmental and genetic factors. Exposure to environmental triggers such as pollen, dust mites, pets, and mold can worsen asthma symptoms. Other factors such as stress, weather changes, and air pollution can also trigger an asthma attack.

Risk Factors for Asthma

There are several risk factors for asthma, including:

• Family history of asthma

• Exposure to environmental triggers

• Allergies

• Obesity

• Smoking


Although there is no way to prevent asthma completely, there are measures you can take to reduce your risk of developing asthma and reduce the severity of asthma attacks. These include avoiding known triggers and maintaining a healthy lifestyle.


If you have symptoms of asthma, your doctor will likely perform a physical exam and review your medical history. Other tests that may be used to diagnose asthma include lung function tests, chest X-rays, and skin or blood tests.

Treatment of Asthma

The treatment of asthma depends on the severity of your symptoms and your overall health. Generally, the goal of treatment is to reduce the frequency and severity of asthma attacks. Treatments may include medications, lifestyle changes, or both.


• Inhaled corticosteroids. These medications reduce inflammation in the airways and help reduce the frequency and severity of asthma attacks.

• Long-acting beta agonists. These medications help open the airways and make breathing easier.

• Oral corticosteroids. These medications are taken by mouth and can help reduce inflammation.

Lifestyle Changes:

• Avoid triggers. Identifying and avoiding environmental triggers can help reduce asthma symptoms.

• Exercise regularly. Regular physical activity can help improve overall lung function.

• Quit smoking. Smoking can worsen asthma symptoms.

Coping and Support

Living with asthma can be difficult, but there are resources available to help you cope with the disease. Support groups, online education, and counseling are all good sources of information and support.

Complications of Asthma

Although asthma is usually a manageable condition, it can have serious complications. These may include difficulty breathing, a weakened immune system, and even death in some cases.

Living with Asthma

Living with asthma can be challenging, but there are many ways to manage the condition. Working with your doctor to develop an asthma action plan, taking medications as prescribed, and avoiding triggers can help you control your asthma and reduce the risk of asthma attacks.